The event dates back to 1947
The Edinburgh Festival Fringe has returned to Scotland’s capital after being cancelled last year due to the coronavirus pandemic.
However the Fringe has a smaller number of shows in 2021, around a third of which will be online.
Running until the 30th of August, it will feature around 700 in-person and online shows, compared with more than 3,800 shows in 2019.
Edinburgh’s art, book, film and international festivals are also all going ahead this year.
Scotland has now moved out of Level 0 Covid restrictions but festival-goers are still being encouraged to wear masks, wash hands and give each other space throughout the event.
There will also be a scaled-back schedule of street performances around the city.
The Edinburgh Festival Fringe Society said it had worked with the city council and Scottish Government to develop rules for a safe festival.